Thursday, December 26, 2019

Effective Functional Behavioral Assessment Of Students

Introduction There is an increase in demand for behavioral services in various learning institutions, which have been due to schools being required to conduct functional behavioral assessment. This helps parties involved in a given sector of education, to understand and address a given rising behavior change in students. Hence improving the standards of education, by creating a good mind set and a positive behavioral culture in students. Mr. White, the principal at New Light School requested for an intervention plan. He has an 18yr old student, Tom who has mental retardation of which teachers have become concern and described the situation as inappropriate. These aberrant actions may be the reason why the student is provided with special education services as in the case of students labeled as â€Å"having emotional disturbance† However other students, for whom different impairments are the main concern, might also display undesirable behaviors. These could include, among many others, refusals to work on tasks viewed as too difficult, angry responses due to frustration of goals or inability to communicate with words or irritating actions displayed in an attempt to gain attention. Tom was okay before and the change is a matter of concern to all the parties involved. Anytime that the teachers have concern about the behavior of a student with disability, they are required by the Individuals Disability Act (IDEA) to undertake the functional behavioral assessment process in order toShow MoreRelatedA School Based Functional Behavioral Assessments890 Words   |  4 Pagesstakeholders, the people who invest in the school and students being successful. Teachers are not the only people who are vital to student’s success. Stakeholders besides teachers include the principal, counselor, social workers, school psychologists, etc. Teachers have resources and materials that they can create lessons around, and the school counselor/psychologist do as well. Conducting Functional Behavioral Assessments for students with behavioral problems and disabilities are useful. Mark SteegeRead MoreEvaluation Of A Functional Assessment And A Potential Behavior Support Plan1700 Word s   |  7 PagesStudent Information Student: Isiah Hoyte D.O.B: 02/17/2008 Gender: Male School Year: 2015-2016 Age: 8 School: Oniondale Union Free School District Meeting Information Date: 8/29/2015 Participants: M. Parker, Guidance Counselor, B. Michael, Social worker, Parent, D. Shaw Principal, S. Roberts, Behavioral Consultant, Classroom Teachers; D. Chemnitz and C. Ragusa This meeting is being held to plan for the assessment of Isiah Hoyte. We will go over the target behaviors as reported by school staffRead MoreTraditional Behaviorism : An Objective Sub Division Of Psychology1666 Words   |  7 Pagesyoung people (Wolf, 1978, p. 207). Behaviorists emphasize the importance of incorporating the subjective into what had once been an objective sub-division of psychology. In applied behavior analysis behaviorists use techniques such as functional behavior assessment (FBA), to create functionally-based interventions that target maladaptive behavior. The goal of an FBA is to identify the conditions that predict behavior and the consequences that maintain behavior (Carr et al., 2002). If the link betweenRead MoreEssential Question For Guide Learning Process And Growth1638 Words   |  7 PagesQuestion to Guide Learning Process and Growth The self-reflection, assessment of student performance, and learning environment assessment show that an essential priority in my practice is pursuing additional instructional and behavioral strategies to impact students with autism who currently exhibit Self Injurous Behavior SIB. As an educator, I am interested in creating a proactive environment to limit triggers that often lead to SIB in students with autism. Additionally, implementing appropriate and evidenced-basedRead MoreThe Randomized Trial Of Function- Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Essay988 Words   |  4 Pages In the study â€Å"Preliminary Randomized Trial of Function- Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy to Treat Obsessive Compulsive Behavior in Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder† by the Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities journal, groups of eight to twelve-year-old children with high functioning Autism Spectrum Disorder are assessed. All of these children, in addition to the diagnosis of autism, exhibit the challenging behavior of obsessive compulsions, also known as OCB. Although noneRead MoreApplied Behavioral Analysis Quiz 4797 Words   |  4 PagesHeather Geier Quiz 4 1. a. Behavioral Excess Ââ€" behaviors that need to be reduced because they occur to frequently i. Ex screaming, self stimulatory behaviors, spitting, running around b. Behavioral Deficits Ââ€" behaviors that occur too infrequently or not at all. These behaviors are important or useful to the person i. Ex not paying attention to lessons, not participating in social situations, not finishing class/homework c. Behavioral Inappropriateness Ââ€" behaviors that are not necessarilyRead MoreCory Is A 16 Year Old 10Th Grader. He Has Been Diagnosed1626 Words   |  7 PagesCory is a 16 year old 10th grader. He has been diagnosed with Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and has been receiving special education services since the age of 3. He is currently placed in a special in-district class for students with moderate to severe disabilities. Cory has a one to one aide assigned to him. He receives: adaptive physical education, speech and language therapy, applied behavior analysis, transition services,and assistive technology services. Cory has also been diagnosed withRead MoreEvaluation Of A Functional Behavior Assessment1393 Words   |  6 Pagesposes a threat to the student or any student’s physical, emotional, or mental well-being. Such a behavior can manifest in the classroom physically and/or verbally. Behaviors should be addressed based on severity with immediate threats to any stu dent’s physical safety attended to right away. Following the Positive Behavior Support Plan, students’ behaviors should be addressed on first on Tier 1, a universal level with standard classroom rules and consequences to address all students behaviors, and ifRead MoreThe And Managing Student Behavior Essay1100 Words   |  5 PagesPBIS and Managing Student Behavior Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports (PBIS) is a multi-tier strategy based on student outcome as opposed to a set curriculum. In a classroom it is based on 6 essential practices, but the strategies can, and should be implemented school wide for maximum benefit. The following will offer some history on PBIS, a breakdown of the 6 essential classroom practices, and a brief description of what a three tier strategy would encompass. History Positive BehaviorRead MoreThe Behavior Analyst Certification Board, Inc.994 Words   |  4 Pagesincluding assessments of effects of other intervention methods, (b) involves the client or the client-surrogate in the planning of such programs, (c) obtains the consent of the client, and (d) respects the right of the client to terminate services at any time.† Within guideline four, Least Restrictive Procedures 4.10 dictates, â€Å"The behavior analyst reviews and appraises the restrictiveness of alternative interventions and always recommends the least restrictive procedures likely to be effective in dealing

Tuesday, December 17, 2019

Impact Of Globalization On The Middle East Essay - 2269 Words

1: Introduction This analysis is to explore the role the phenomenon of Globalization plays in the violent and non-violent conflict seen in the Middle East over the past decade and a half. Globalization has seen itself affect almost every aspect of human interaction; both domestic and internationally, over the past decade. From the information hub of the Internet, to instantaneous communication across the globe, travel speed and range dramatically increased and the integration of international finance, Globalization has affected the world in such fundamental ways where it is difficult to imagine a world without the commodities and globalized interactions we take for granted. But how have these aspects of globalization influenced and proliferated the growing conflict we have seen in the Middle East such as the growing threat of militant extremism and the Arab Spring phenomenon? I believe that with the spread of information (both factual and biased) through increased levels of international communication aided by the other affects of increased speed of travel and an integrated international finance system, conflict of this nature is no longer between states but instead of idealistic individuals and has proliferated the cause for conflict. More and more individuals across national borders are coming together for conflict of a particular ideal or set of ideals (both for peaceful and violent). I believe Globalization is at the center of what has made this phenomenon so wideShow MoreRelatedPolitical uprisings in the Middle East, especially in Muslim nation states have placed Arabian700 Words   |  3 PagesPolitical uprisings in the Middle East, especially in Muslim nation states have placed Arabian politics back on the focus point of international politics. Political events in certain Arab countries had an inordinate impact on the political development of othe r neighbor states. Anxieties and resistance within different Arab countries triggered unpredictable actions, sometimes sorely to observe and believe. Authoritarian governments of Arabian countries led from various dictators have created a precariousRead MoreGlobalization And The Middle East998 Words   |  4 PagesIntroduction There are many significant change in the world economy occurred, marked by globalization each country has different speed of development under different political and cultural background. During this period, Such as the United States of America s economic status from the rapid development to the decline, then move to the current stable trend. Brazil, Russia, India, China, which named ‘BRCIS’ those developing countries’ economic performances are very catch the attention in recent yearsRead MoreAdvertisement And Culture Of The Media1658 Words   |  7 Pages Advertisement and Cultural Transformation in Middle East: In Special Context to Oman Abhishek K. Singh Faculty, Department of Communication Studies, College of Applied Sciences Sultanate of Oman ______________________________________________________________________________ 1. Introduction In the era of information society, media is playing a very crucial part in everyday lives. It influences both how we see ourselves and society in all perspectives. There are differentRead MoreIslam : An Monotheistic Faith, Monotheistic, And It1101 Words   |  5 Pagesmine. Islam effects my culture, for example, through their dialects and vocabulary that are now used in daily conversations. Globalization effects Islam in the way that people around the world view them. Mostly, this opinion of them comes from major events; like 9/11. Islam, which shares many similar qualities with other religions is also unique in its way of life and impact on the world. Islam, a big religion that almost everyone has heard about. Especially because it is theRead MoreEssay on Asia and Huge Subsidies Nokia676 Words   |  3 Pagesand Europe markets were saturated. What to do then? Industry focused towards markets of Middle East, South Asia, Africa, China and India, where there was a high growth. Therefore, we can summarize the situation of the industry as follows: * Outsourced manufacturing of handsets * Demands in the developed markets like US amp; Europe has saturated * Significant growth has been noticed in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Africa, China, India and South Korea * Demands of low cost phoneRead MoreEssay about Teachers in Syria1399 Words   |  6 Pagesfact many more unregistered Syrian refugees escaping through the Iraq border. Globalization and its negative implications for Syria Globalization has had negative implications for the nation of Syria. As cultural norms throughout the world become more diffused, globalization has resulted in a great deal of change in the world’s complex evolution of â€Å"systems, ideas and structures† (Stetter, 2012, p. 7) within the Middle East. First, the influence of western cultures on Syrian culture as caused someRead MoreGlobalization Effect on Pakistan1531 Words   |  7 PagesAffect of Globalization on Pakistan The word Globalization refers to â€Å"the growing integration of economies and societies around the world† (World Bank 2010). There has been an increasing amount of connection between various economies and one of the greatest challenges we face is to make this connection a positive one. Globalization certainly has the greatest influence on developing nations around the world. Countries such as India, China and Russia have been positively affected by globalization sinceRead MoreWhat Ways Did Pastoral Societies Differ From Their Agricultural Counterparts?1431 Words   |  6 Pagesneighbors, such as Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, and even Manichaeism, which included different elements of Zoroastrianism, Buddhism, and Christianity. 3) In what ways did the Xiongu, Arabs, and Turks make an impact on World History? The Xiongu, Arabs, and Turks made a big impact on world history in many ways. The Xiongu effected a revolution in nomadic life, which transformed earlier fragmented and egalitarian societies into a centralized and hierarchical political system, in which power wasRead MoreThe Globalization of Culture: Cultural Homogenization1707 Words   |  7 Pagesor way-of-life. With the dawn of globalization, however, cultural variety and distinguishing characteristics are vanishing; giving rise to a monoculture common to all. While this may be a harbinger of unity and relatedness among all people of the world, it also damages the unique cultural identities they once took pride in. This paper discusses the effects of globalization on culture, along with its positive and negative effects. Since the effects of globalization on culture are non-exhaustive, itRead MoreGlobalization Is The Process By Which People, Cultures,1476 Words   |  6 PagesGlobalization is the process by which people, culture s, ideas, and goods are spread across the world, stimulating the synergy and assimilation of world economies and governments. It references a global economy built on free trade and the use of foreign labor markets to capitalize on revenue, along with the movement of people, ideas, and knowledge from sea to shining sea. The study of history shows us that globalization is not a new phenomenon, rather it has been occurring for centuries. Whether one

Monday, December 9, 2019

How To Get An Answer In An Inspector Calls Essay Example For Students

How To Get An Answer In An Inspector Calls Essay Compare and contrast two characters from the play An Inspector Calls. Explain how Priestly uses them to show the different ideas and values of the older and younger generations.  In the play An Inspector Calls a young girl called Eva Smith commits suicide by drinking disinfectant and we see the reaction of the Birling family when they find out they all had a part in her death. The older and younger generations react differently to Eva Smiths death. Priestly wrote the play An Inspector Calls in winter 1944-1945. The play was set in spring 1912 and it was first performed in 1946, in London.  An Inspector Calls was a well made play because their was a progression of ignorance to knowledge both characters and audience.  I am comparing Sybil Birling and Shelia Birling, Sybil Birling is part of the older generation and Shelia is part of the younger generation. Shelia is warm hearted and affectionate. Shelia will take blame for what she has done. Sybil is cold and snobbish. She is also prejudiced and doesnt like change. She will not take blame for Eva Smiths death. We will write a custom essay on How To Get An Answer In An Inspector Calls specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now In the first scene the characters are sat round a table celebrating Shelia and Geralds engagement. This means the audience focus on them because there is no action so the audience concentrate on what they are saying. This is important to hear their conversation because in the first scene this is where we can tell what their character is like. Priestly manages to keep the play constant and contributes action to the play with no distraction. The Birlings dining room is constant throughout, the action and dialogue contribute to the central theme of the play with nothing extraneous to distract the audiences attention. From their performance in the first act we can tell that Arthur Birling is rather portentous, Sybil his wife is rather cold Shelia is very pleased with life. Eric is characterised as half shy, half assertive and Gerald Croft is described as the easy well-bred young man about town. The first scene gives the audience a sense of unease by the ironic references to the war, which was to follow, and the Titanic, which was to sink on its first voyage.  Also in the first scene the lighting is soft and intimate showing the audience that they are relaxed and comfortable, this lighting will change to brighter and harder when the inspector comes in and will remain like this for the rest of the play. Shelia and Mrs Birling have very different characteristics. Shelia being a much younger character is quite impressionable as the story goes on, where as Mrs Birling refuses to change altogether. Their characteristics are shown in their reactions to Eva Smiths death. Shelia is shown as being young, attractive, sensitive, an honest character. She is one of the very few characters in the play that is impressionable, and deeply affected by what the inspector reveals to her family through the play. In the first act we see that Mrs Birling and Shelia Birling have very few similarities, we can see this by the language they use. Shelia uses slang, whereas Mrs Birling uses no slang as she feels she is a very important respectable character. You are squiffy Shelia uses this expression to tell her brother Eric that he is drunk. The slang she uses helps emphasise her youth whereas Mrs Birling uses words and talks how an upper class woman would. However, at the beginning of the play, when Sheilas story is revealed, she seems to have very similar characteristics to that of her mother. She seems very selfish and full of self-importance. An example of this behaviour, is demonstrated when she gets Eva fired from her job, which was simply, as she admitted later, because she had laughed at her. She felt that she had a very high status in society, which gave her the power to be able to do this. This basically mirrors her mothers attitude, which does not change, at any point in the play. .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef , .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef .postImageUrl , .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef , .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef:hover , .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef:visited , .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef:active { border:0!important; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef:active , .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .ub397de09ab3858b02c951b5022b1e0ef:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Baz Luhrmann releases his new 20th century adaptation of "Romeo and Juliet" EssayBefore the Inspector arrived Mrs Birling is very cold and unpleasant. She is very serious and has no sense of humour.  Now Arthur I dont think you aught to talk business on an occasion like this.  Where as Shelia is pleased with life, happy and rather excited.  Oh Gerald youve got it is it the one you wanted me to have. Shelia doesnt know much about life but this is soon to change.  Shelia was involved with Eva Smiths death because she got her sacked from her job at Millwards as Shelia felt she was being rude.  I caught sight of this girl smiling at Miss Francis as if to say: doesnt she look awful. Eva Smith got a job as a sales assistant in an expensive clothes shop. An important customer (Shelia) who was in a bad mood thought she was giggling at her, so she used her influence and her social class to get her sacked. Miss Birling was involved in Eva Smiths death as she refused her a claim as Eva Smith found she was pregnant and applied for help to a charity. The head of the charity (Mrs Birling) refused her help because she didnt believe her as she lied about her name and then used Birling as her name as well.  She only has herself to blame this is a typical attitude of upper class and she is not sorry at all. Shelia will take responsibility for her part in her death, She feels sorry for Eva Smith because she killed herself like that, but Mrs Birling will not take any blame for it, as she feels it was her own fault. Shelia and Sybils reactions to the Inspector and other family members are very different. At first Shelia is agreeing with the Inspector about her father sacking Eva Smith. (To Birling) I think it was a mean thing to do. Perhaps that spoilt everything for her, here when she found out about Eva she is very quick to protect Eva Smith but not any of the members of her family. Shelia is the only member who shows any genuine sympathy for Eva. But Mrs Birling tries not to believe it because she doesnt want to spoil their family reputation. And she believes her family would not be involved in something like this, she is also shocked to find out that she is involved but feels it wasnt their fault. She doesnt want to hear about Eric and wont believe the truth.

Monday, December 2, 2019

Patient Record Management System free essay sample

The vast development of technology is the evident in hospitals in other countries as they have developed and implemented different forms of Patient Record Management System making practitioners and health professionals’ work easier than the manual way of gathering patient’s record that the hospitals had before. In Philippines, only a few hospitals (Saint Lukes Medical Center, Makati Medical City and Asian Hospital and Medical Center) have implemented a fully Electronic Medical Record which includes all inpatient and outpatient healthcare information. The goal of the hospital is to share information with all the national hospitals and public healthcare facilities and at present they can share data with one branch of the hospital. Some hospitals still use the manual method which is time and energy consuming but why it is that only few hospitals in the Philippines, being a newly industrialized country may have a factor on why implementing a PRMS is impossible. We will write a custom essay sample on Patient Record Management System or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page The possible reasons could be insufficient funds, lack of technical expertise and computer skills and the lack of data processing facilities. In addition, the resistance of medical practitioners and health professionals generally to change from manual to electronic documentation may be a problem. Most health administrators and information managers are used to the old system and have this fear that it may take time to change or at least modify some behaviour and attitudes. The reason for wanting to change to an electronic system is important. Most health administrators and information managers expect to move from a paper to paperless environment. This is a major step to help health institutions and the environment at the same time. By having an electronic system, practitioners could improve the accuracy and quality of data recorded in a health record, enhance practitioners’ access to a patient’s record, enabling it to be shared at present and also for the future use, it could also improve the quality of care because of health information that a patient need can be immediately available all the time. At present, people rely on the information from what is electronically made since it can easily be viewed. In the modern world, communication is vital within our lifestyle. With the advent of information and communication provided within a medical institution, practitioners together with their patients within the vicinity of Baguio may use the information easily to increase good organization. Patient Record Management System may provide both useful information with the Doctor and Patient alike, providing and improving easy Doctor-Patient communication. In the advancement of technology, electronic medical records are now growing more popularity today. As stated in the definition on wikipedia. rg about Electronic Medical Records, these are a computerized medical record that is created in an organization that can deliver care such as hospital or physician’s office. Electronic medical records are intended to be a part of a local stand-alone health information system that allow storage, retrieval and modification of records (retrieved from: Wikipedia. com, November 2011. en. wikipedia. org/wiki/ Electronic_health_record. Article form: http://www. prov idersedge. com/ehdocs/ehr _articles/Electronic_Patient_Records-EMRs_and_EHRs. pdf). These are medical records of patients that are encoded into the computer system of an organization for the information dissemination of medical practitioners in a particular organization such as hospitals, clinics and the like. In the global scenario, in an article by Steenhuysen J. (March 2009), the United States has less than 2 percent of U. S. hospitals that have completely accepted a fully functional electronic medical records. With U. S. President Barrack Obama has made electronic medical records a central piece of his plan to cut costs out of U. S. healthcare system that consistently ranks lower in quality measures than other rich countries. The U. S. President also allotted $19 billion to push into the increase the use of information technology in healthcare. The numbers of without electronic medical records are relatively high compared to those organizations that have adopted Electronic Medical Records. Starfield, B. (1991) postulates that Primary Care in the United States is critical to the provision of giving excellent medical care. From the research in the year 1996, the Institute of Medicine report defined primary care as the provision of integrated, accessible health care services by clinicians accountable for addressing most personal health care needs, developing a sustained partnership with patients, and practicing in the context of family and community. These makes more people to receive primary care than in other clinics. These clinics have adopted the innovations of information technology giving more value to the primary care in other clinics. These clinics have adopted the innovations on information technology giving more value to the primary care of their patients. Thus obviously electronic medical records in the clinic are to be present for the ease of accessibility, storage, retrieval and modification of medical records. However, in a smaller scale of health care system. Where Everyone, being succeptible to disease needs to prioritize on prevention in odres to additional expenses on health care. This visiting the doctors clinic today is the most effecient and inexpensivr way to prevent diseases. Offering various diagnosis, vaccinations and maintenance drugs. With todays population, more patients visit the doctors clinic and health records management poses as the most time consuming activity. As keeping numerous pages on file cases and searching this file cases one by one when a patient arrives eats most of the time that could have spent treating another patient. With all of the mentioned cases which inpact the number of patients diagnosed per day. The researchers agreed to conduct a study for Dr. Nelia Bacay’s clinic at SLU hospital of the Sacred Heart, annex. The researchers will try to find ways and practices to lighten up workload and minimize time consumed by developing a system. Statement of the Problem The main objective of the study is to design a Patient Record Management System for Dr. Nelia Bacay in which seeks to answer the following questions: 1. What processes are involved within the practitioners’ medical records of their patients? 2. What difficulties are encountered regarding the processes involved with the medical records? 3. What features regarding the medical records should be incorporated with the proposed Patient Record Management for Dr. Renato Manalo to their current system? Objective of the Study The main objective of the study is to design a Patient Records Management System for Dr. Nelia Bacay that shall lighten up workload and minimize time consumed on operation. The researchers intend to achieve the following: 1. To identify the current standard operating procedure in diagnosing patients. 2. To enumerate and discuss the most tiny consuming fact in the process. 3. To design a Patient Record Management that facilitates a quick and easy way to access and view patients profile. Significance of the Study This study is important in terms of advantages or benefits that would be gained by the following entities: To the Practitioners: The Practitioners will have the main importance of the study because of its increased number of patients and services rendered. More patients are inclined to avail of medical services. This also makes the communication between co-doctors of the same field. To the patients: The best advantage of having a Patient Record Management System is for them to have an ease to research about the Doctors’ profile and their accessibility through the use of PRMS. Just by a series of clicks and filling out necessary information, an appointment can be made. To the Researchers: The development of a PRMS makes the researchers to be more aware and knowledgeable of the future trend in information and technology specifically on Medical Informatics. Furthermore, by developing a system, programming skills of the researchers are improved. To future researchers: This study can be a reference and guide to other researchers who aim to develop a Patient Record Management System in the future that can be applied to other fields of interest such as hotels, restaurants, shops and alsp other fields of medical profession. Scope and Delimitation of the Study In improving the quality of services in an organization or establishment, we make look into other options such as hiring new personnel to increase work capacity, or procuring equipmentto lessen work and human error, or to create a more stable and reliable system may it be manual or computer oriented. In solving this matter, we could consider in the combination of the available options within our grasp. To further optimize the production in our establishment, the company could combine the options of having new equipment and creating a new system or updating the existing one. In putting these two options together, it will provide a more stable, reliable and efficient system to be used in daily transactions. Our project aims to proceed in updating the pre-existing system in the establishment. Changing the format from a manual type to a computer oriented information system. Reconfiguring the old system aims that customers and employees have a more convenient. With the project be finished, the company will have a smoother flow of work, lessened human error, improved time in finishing certain processes and as a total, a very significant increase in productivity and creating a reliable Patient Record System.

Tuesday, November 26, 2019

The Jacobins essays

The Jacobins essays The Jacobins are the regime that ruled France by terror From early June 1793 until late July 1794. To some they are to be praised, to others they are hated upon and justifiably. Albert Mathiez (1874-1932), depicts Maximilien Robespierre [the leader of the Jacobins] as a hero. But, on the other hand, Alphonse Aulard (1849-1928) suggests that Danton was a martyr. Taking into consideration the commodious deaths that the Jacobins are responsible for it is hard to believe one would praise Robespierre. The Jacobins ruled by terror, others did not belie them for fear of death, those who did, often were guillotined. The Guillotine became a Jacobin trademark; in fact, the way the Jacobins stayed in power as long as they did was by executing the opposition. The Girondins in particular, suffered the guillotine in immeasurable amounts. All that apposed to the Jacobins were subject to fatal consequences. The Jacobins had supreme power and abused it. They are responsible for many deaths, massacres, and assassinations. Whether the Jacobins invited liability for these plotted murders, they were always tied to mass killings. No more than one third of all victims were nobles, clergy, or rich commoners. Just over one third were property owning peasants or lower middle class townsmen, and just under one third from the urban working class. The Jacobins killed indiscriminately The Jacobins became carried away with power and after a short while were out of control, their actions made this clear. Robespierre the proud leader of the Jacobins sent many to their death by Guillotine. The Guillotine however, woul d take Robespierres life by order of the Jacobins. The above facts are all proof of how the Jacobins were a group of terrorists and a source of evil, no better than the worlds current day terrorist groups. The world of politics is much like sports. It is one thing to have a great team, and battle to ...

Saturday, November 23, 2019

5 Steps to Write a Great Analytical Essay

5 Steps to Write a Great Analytical Essay SAT / ACT Prep Online Guides and Tips Do you need to write an analytical essay for school? What sets this kind of essay apart from other types, and what must you include when you write your own analytical essay? In this guide, we break down the process of writing an analytical essay by explaining the key factors your essay needs to have, providing you with an outline to help you structure your essay, and analyzing a complete analytical essay example so you can see what a finished essay looks like. What Is an Analytical Essay? Before you begin writing an analytical essay, you must know what this type of essay is and what it includes. Analytical essays analyze something, often (but not always) a piece of writing or a film. An analytical essay is more than just a synopsis of the issue though; in this type of essay you need to go beyond surface-level analysis and look at what the key arguments/points of this issue are and why. If you’re writing an analytical essay about a piece of writing, you’ll look into how the text was written and why the author chose to write it that way. Instead of summarizing, an analytical essay typically takes a narrower focus and looks at areas such as major themes in the work, how the author constructed and supported their argument, how the essay usedliterary devices to enhance its messages, etc. While you certainly want people to agree with what you’ve written, unlike with persuasive and argumentative essays, your main purpose when writing an analytical essay isn’t to try to convert readers to your side of the issue. Therefore, you won’t be using strong persuasive language like you would in those essay types. Rather, your goal is to have enough analysis and examples that the strength of your argument is clear to readers. Besides typical essay components like an introduction and conclusion, a good analytical essay will include: A thesis that states your main argument Analysis that relates back to your thesis and supports it Examples to support your analysis and allow a more in-depth look at the issue In the rest of this article, we’ll explain how to include each of these in your analytical essay. How to Structure Your Analytical Essay Analytical essays are structured similarly to many other essays you’ve written, with an introduction (including a thesis), several body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Below is an outline you can follow when structuring your essay, and in the next section we go into more detail on how to write an analytical essay. Introduction Your introduction will begin with some sort of attention-grabbing sentence to get your audience interested, then you’ll give a few sentences setting up the topic so that readers have some context, and you’ll end with your thesis statement. Your introduction will include: A hook Brief background information explaining the issue/text Your thesis Body Paragraphs Your analytical essay will typically have three or four body paragraphs, each covering a different point of analysis. Begin each body paragraph with a sentence that sets up the main point you’ll be discussing. Then you’ll give some analysis on that point, backing it up with evidence to support your claim. Continue analyzing and giving evidence for your analysis until you’re out of strong points for the topic. At the end of each body paragraph, you may choose to have a transition sentence that sets up what the next paragraph will be about, but this isn’t required.Body paragraphs will include: Introductory sentence explaining what you’ll cover in the paragraph (sort of like a mini-thesis) Analysis point Evidence (either passages from the text or data/facts) that supports the analysis (Repeat analysis and evidence until you run out of examples) Conclusion You won’t be making any new points in your conclusion; at this point you’re just reiterating key points you’ve already made and wrapping things up. Begin by rephrasing your thesis and summarizing the main points you made in the essay. Someone who reads just your conclusion should be able to come away with a basic idea of what your essay was about and how it was structured. After this, you may choose to make some final concluding thoughts, potentially by connecting your essay topic to larger issues to show why it’s important. A conclusion will include: Paraphrase of thesis Summary of key points of analysis Final concluding thought(s) 5 Steps for Writing an Analytical Essay Follow these five tips to break down writing an analytical essay into manageable steps. By the end, you’ll have a fully-crafted analytical essay with both in-depth analysis and enough evidence to support your argument. All of these steps use the completed analytical essay in the next section as an example. #1: Pick a Topic You may have already had a topic assigned to you, and if that’s the case, you can skip this step. However, if you haven’t, or if the topic you’ve been assigned is broad enough that you still need to narrow it down, then you’ll need to decide on a topic for yourself. Choosing the right topic can mean the difference between an analytical essay that’s easy to research (and gets you a good grade) and one that takes hours just to find a few decent points to analyze Before you decide on an analytical essay topic, do a bit of research to make sure you have enough examples to support your analysis. If you choose a topic that’s too narrow, you’ll struggle to find enough to write about. For example, say your teacher assigns you to write an analytical essay about the theme in John Steinbeck’s The Grapes of Wrath of exposing injustices against migrants. For it to be an analytical essay, you can’t just recount the injustices characters in the book faced; that’s only a summary and doesn’t include analysis. You need tochoose a topic that allows you to analyze the theme. One of the best ways to explore a theme is to analyze how the author made his/her argument. One example here is that Steinbeck used literary devices in the intercalary chapters (short chapters that didn’t relate to the plot or contain the main characters of the book) to show what life was like for migrants as a whole during the Dust Bowl. You could write about how Steinbeck used literary devices throughout the whole book, but, in the essay below, I chose to just focus on the intercalary chapters since they gave me enough examples. Having a narrower focus will nearly always result ina tighter and more convincing essay (and can make compiling examples less overwhelming). #2: Write a Thesis Statement Your thesis statement is the most important sentence of your essay; a reader should be able to read just your thesis and understand what the entire essay is about and what you’ll be analyzing. When you begin writing, remember that each sentence in your analytical essay should relate back to your thesis In the analytical essay example below, the thesis is the final sentence of the first paragraph (the traditional spot for it). The thesis is: â€Å"In The Grapes of Wrath’s intercalary chapters, John Steinbeck employs a variety of literary devices and stylistic choices to better expose the injustices committed against migrants in the 1930s.† So what will this essay analyze? How Steinbeck used literary devices in the intercalary chapters to show how rough migrants could have it. Crystal clear. #3: Do Research to Find Your Main Points This is where you determine the bulk of your analysisthe information that makes your essay an analytical essay. My preferred method is to list every idea that I can think of, then research each of those and use the three or four strongest ones for your essay. Weaker points may be those that don’t relate back to the thesis, that you don’t have much analysis to discuss, or that you can’t find good examples for. A good rule of thumb is to have one body paragraph per main point This essay has four main points, each of which analyzes a different literary device Steinbeck uses to better illustrate how difficult life was for migrants during the Dust Bowl. The four literary devices and their impact on the book are: Lack of individual names in intercalary chapters to illustrate the scope of the problem Parallels to the Bible to induce sympathy for the migrants Non-showy, often grammatically-incorrect language so the migrants are more realistic and relatable to readers Nature-related metaphors to affect the mood of the writing and reflect the plight of the migrants #4: Find Excerpts or Evidence to Support Your Analysis Now that you have your main points, you need to back them up. If you’re writing a paper about a text or film, use passages/clips from it as your main source of evidence. If you’re writing about something else, your evidence can come from a variety of sources, such as surveys, experiments, quotes from knowledgeable sources etc. Any evidence that would work for a regular research paper works here. In this example, I quoted multiple passages from The Grapes of Wrathin each paragraph to support my argument. You should be able to back up every claim you make with evidence in order to have a strong essay. #5: Put It All Together Now it's time to begin writing your essay, if you haven’t already. Create an introductory paragraph that ends with the thesis, make a body paragraph for each of your main points, including both analysis and evidence to back up your claims, and wrap it all up with a conclusion that recaps your thesis and main points and potentially explains the big picture importance of the topic. Analytical Essay Example + Analysis So that you can see for yourself what a completed analytical essay looks like, here’s an essay I wrote back in my high school days. It’s followed by analysis of how I structured my essay, what its strengths are, and how it could be improved. Essay American author Rita Mae Brown stated, â€Å"Language exerts hidden power, like a moon on the tides.† Applying rhetoric well has been the goal of countless writers throughout history. Effective use of language in literature has had the ability to affect people for generations. John Steinbeck’s novel, The Grapes of Wrath, is an instance of an enduring piece of writing that contains compelling and powerful language. The Grapes of Wrath details the journey of the Joad family as they migrate west after being thrown off their land. The Joads must deal with a severe lack of basic necessities and unjustified hatred towards them even after they arrive in California. Steinbeck uses his intercalary chapters to express his view points and describe the difficulties and indignities migrants had to face. Powerful language is a crucial aspect in getting people to understand the author’s beliefs. In The Grapes of Wrath’s intercalary chapters, John Steinbeck employs a vari ety of literary devices and stylistic choices to better expose the plight of migrants in the 1930s. One way Steinbeck illustrates the connections all migrant people possessed and the struggles they faced is by refraining from using specific titles and names in his intercalary chapters. While The Grapes of Wrath focuses on the Joad family, the intercalary chapters show that all migrants share the same struggles and triumphs as the Joads. No individual names are used in these chapters; instead the people are referred to as part of a group. Steinbeck writes, â€Å"Frantic men pounded on the doors of the doctors; and the doctors were busy. And sad men left word at country stores for the coroner to send a car,† (555). By using generic terms, Steinbeck shows how the migrants are all linked because they have gone through the same experiences. The grievances committed against one family were committed against thousands of other families; the abuse extends far beyond what the Joads experienced. The Grapes of Wrath frequently refers to the importance of coming together; how, when peop le connect with others their power and influence multiplies immensely. Throughout the novel, the goal of the migrants, the key to their triumph, has been to unite. While their plans are repeatedly frustrated by the government and police, Steinbeck’s intercalary chapters provide a way for the migrants to relate to one another because they have encountered the same experiences. Hundreds of thousands of migrants fled to the promised land of California, but Steinbeck was aware that numbers alone were impersonal and lacked the passion he desired to spread. Steinbeck created the intercalary chapters to show the massive numbers of people suffering, and he created the Joad family to evoke compassion from readers. Because readers come to sympathize with the Joads, they become more sensitive to the struggles of migrants in general. However, John Steinbeck frequently made clear that the Joads were not an isolated incident; they were not unique. Their struggles and triumphs were part of something greater. Refraining from specific names in his intercalary chapters allows Steinbeck to show the vastness of the atrocities committed against migrants. Steinbeck also creates significant parallels to the Bible in his intercalary chapters in order to enhance his writing and characters. By using simple sentences and stylized writing, Steinbeck evokes Biblical passages. The migrants despair, â€Å"No work till spring. No work,† (556). Short, direct sentences help to better convey the desperateness of the migrants’ situation. Throughout his novel, John Steinbeck makes connections to the Bible through his characters and storyline. Jim Casy’s allusions to Christ and the cycle of drought and flooding are clear biblical references. By choosing to relate The Grapes of Wrath to the Bible, Steinbeck’s characters become greater than themselves. Starving migrants become more than destitute vagrants; they are now the chosen people escaping to the promised land. When a forgotten man dies alone and unnoticed, it becomes a tragedy. Steinbeck writes, â€Å"If [the migrants] were shot at, they did not run, but splashed sul lenly away; and if they were hit, they sank tiredly in the mud,† (556). Injustices committed against the migrants become greater because they are seen as children of God through Steinbeck’s choice of language. Referencing the Bible strengthens Steinbeck’s novel and purpose: to create understanding for the dispossessed. It is easy for people to feel disdain for shabby vagabonds, but connecting them to such a fundamental aspect of Christianity induces sympathy from readers who might have otherwise disregarded the migrants as so many other people did. The simple, uneducated dialogue Steinbeck employs also helps to create a more honest and meaningful representation of the migrants, and it makes the migrants more relatable to readers. Steinbeck chooses to accurately represent the language of the migrants in order to more clearly illustrate their lives and make them seem more like real paper than just characters in a book. The migrants lament, â€Å"They ain’t gonna be no kinda work for three months,† (555). There are multiple grammatical errors in that single sentence, but it vividly conveys the despair the migrants felt better than a technically perfect sentence would. The Grapes of Wrath is intended to show the severe difficulties facing the migrants so Steinbeck employs a clear, pragmatic style of writing. Steinbeck shows the harsh, truthful realities of the migrants’ lives and he would be hypocritical if he chose to give the migrants a more refined voice and not portray them with all their shortcomings. The depiction of the migrants as imperfect through their language also makes them easier to relate to. Steinbeck’s primary audience was the middle class, the less affluent of society. Repeatedly in The Grapes of Wrath, the wealthy make it obvious that they scorn the plight of the migrants. The wealthy, not bad luck or natural disasters, were the prominent cause of the suffering of migrant families such as the Joads. Thus, Steinbeck turns to the less prosperous for support in his novel. When referring to the superior living conditions barnyard animals have, the migrants remark, â€Å"Them’s horses-we’re men,† (556). The perfect simplicity of this quote expresses the absurdness of the migrants’ situation better than any flowery expression could. In The Grapes of Wrath, John Steinbeck uses metaphors, particularly about nature, in order to illustrate the mood and the overall plight of migrants. Throughout most of the book, the land is described as dusty, barren, and dead. Towards the end, however; floods come and the landscape begins to change. At the end of chapter twenty-nine, Steinbeck describes a hill after the floods saying, â€Å"Tiny points of grass came through the earth, and in a few days the hills were pale green with the beginning year,† (556). This description offers a stark contrast from the earlier passages which were filled with despair and destruction. Steinbeck’s tone from the beginning of the chapter changes drastically. Early in the chapter, Steinbeck had used heavy imagery in order to convey the destruction caused by the rain, â€Å"The streams and the little rivers edged up to the bank sides and worked at willows and tree roots, bent the willows deep in the current, cut out the roots of cott onwoods and brought down the trees,† (553). However, at the end of the chapter the rain has caused new life to grow in California. The new grass becomes a metaphor representing hope. When the migrants are at a loss over how they will survive the winter, the grass offers reassurance. The story of the migrants in the intercalary chapters parallels that of the Joads. At the end of the novel, the family is breaking apart and has been forced to flee their home. However, both the book and final intercalary chapter end on a hopeful note after so much suffering has occurred. The grass metaphor strengthens Steinbeck’s message because it offers a tangible example of hope. Through his language Steinbeck’s themes become apparent at the end of the novel. Steinbeck affirms that persistence, even when problems appear insurmountable, leads to success. These metaphors help to strengthen Steinbeck’s themes in The Grapes of Wrath because they provide a more memorable way to recall important messages. John Steinbeck’s language choices help to intensify his writing in his intercalary chapters and allow him to more clearly show how difficult life for migrants could be. Refraining from using specific names and terms allows Steinbeck to show that many thousands of migrants suffered through the same wrongs. Imitating the style of the Bible strengthens Steinbeck’s characters and connects them to the Bible, perhaps the most famous book in history. When Steinbeck writes in the imperfect dialogue of the migrants, he creates a more accurate portrayal and makes the migrants easier to relate to for a less affluent audience. Metaphors, particularly relating to nature, strengthen the themes in The Grapes of Wrath by enhancing the mood Steinbeck wants readers to feel at different points in the book. Overall, the intercalary chapters that Steinbeck includes improve his novel by making it more memorable and reinforcing the themes Steinbeck embraces throughout the novel. Exemplary sty listic devices further persuade readers of John Steinbeck’s personal beliefs. Steinbeck wrote The Grapes of Wrath to bring to light cruelties against migrants, and by using literary devices effectively, he continuously reminds readers of his purpose. Steinbeck’s impressive language choices in his intercalary chapters advance the entire novel and help to create a classic work of literature that people still are able to relate to today. Analysis This essay sticks pretty closely to the standard analytical essay outline. It starts with an introduction, where I chose to use a quote to start off the essay. (This became my favorite way to start essays in high school because, if I wasn’t sure what to say, I could outsource the work and find a quote that related to what I’d be writing about.) The quote in this essay doesn’t relate to the themes I’m discussing quite as much as it could, but it’s still a slightly different way to start an essay and can intrigue readers. I then give a bit of background on The Grapes of Wrath and its themes before ending the intro paragraph with my thesis: that Steinbeck used literary devices in intercalary chapters to show how rough migrants had it. Each of my four body paragraphs is formatted in roughly the same way: an intro sentence that explains what I’ll be discussing, analysis of that main point, and at least two quotes from the book as evidence. My conclusion restates my thesis, summarizes each of four points I discussed in my body paragraphs, and ends the essay by briefly discussing how Steinbeck’s writing helped introduce a world of readers to the injustices migrants experienced during the dust bowl. What does this analytical essay example do well? For starters, it contains everything that a strong analytical essay should, and it makes that easy to find. The thesis clearly lays out what the essay will be about, the first sentence of each of the body paragraph introduces the topic it’ll cover, and the conclusion neatly recaps all the main points. Within each of the body paragraphs, there’s analysis along with multiple excerpts from the book in order to add legitimacy to my points. Additionally, the essay does a good job of taking an in-depth look at the issue introduced in the thesis. Four ways Steinbeck used literary devices are discussed, and for each of the examples are given and analysis is provided so readers can understand why Steinbeck included those devices and how they helped shaped how readers viewed migrants and their plight. Where could this essay be improved? I believe the weakest body paragraph is the third one, the one that discusses how Steinbeck used plain, grammatically incorrect language to both accurately depict the migrants and make them more relatable to readers. The paragraph tries to touch on both of those reasons and ends up being somewhat unfocused as a result. It would have been better for it to focus on just one of those reasons (likely how it made the migrants more relatable) in order to be clearer and more effective. It’s a good example of how adding more ideas to an essay often doesn’t make it better if they don’t work with the rest of what you’re writing. This essay also could explain the excerpts that are included more and how they relate to the points being made. Sometimes they’re just dropped in the essay with the expectation that the readers will make the connection between the example and the analysis. This is perhaps especially true in the seco nd body paragraph, the one that discusses similarities to Biblical passages. Additional analysis of the quotes would have strengthened it. Summary: How to Write an Analytical Essay What is an analytical essay? A critical analytical essay analyzes a topic, often a text or film. The analysis paper uses evidence to support the argument, such as excerpts from the piece of writing. All analytical papers include a thesis, analysis of the topic, and evidence to support that analysis. When developing an analytical essay outline and writing your essay, follow these five steps: #1: Choose a topic #2: Write your thesis #3: Decide on your main points #4: Gather evidence to support your analysis #5: Put it all together Reading analytical essay examples can also give you a better sense of how to structure your essay and what to include in it. What's Next? Learning about different writing styles in school?There are four main writing styles, and it's important to understand each of them. Learn about them in our guide to writing styles, complete with examples. Writing a research paper for school but not sure what to write about?Our guide to research paper topics has over 100 topics in ten categories so you can be sure to find the perfect topic for you. Literary devices can both be used to enhance your writing and communication. Check out this list of 31 literary devices to learn more! Have friends who also need help with test prep? Share this article! Tweet Christine Sarikas About the Author Christine graduated from Michigan State University with degrees in Environmental Biology and Geography and received her Master's from Duke University. In high school she scored in the 99th percentile on the SAT and was named a National Merit Finalist. She has taught English and biology in several countries. Get Free Guides to Boost Your SAT/ACT Get FREE EXCLUSIVE insider tips on how to ACE THE SAT/ACT. 100% Privacy. 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Thursday, November 21, 2019

Will Globalisation Lead to the End of the 'Third World' Essay

Will Globalisation Lead to the End of the 'Third World' - Essay Example Globalisation has been termed as the key to end poverty and gaining of financial stability in the countries all over the world. Globalisation can be simply termed as the increasing of relationships between culture, people and economic activities. Globalisation is characterised by more cheaper trading fees like exports and imports. In many instances globalisation is referred to as economic globalisation. Economic globalisation is the global distribution of produced goods and services. With globalisation, freedom to trade and to business has become a norm in the globe (Bhagwati, 2004). Countries are given the opportunity to trade with all other countries across the globe. It is further facilitated by the reduced fees of levies, taxes and import quotas. Prior to globalisation, the global economy was controlled by specific groups. In those days, the freedom to trade was not a norm. Business people had to pay heavy fees to governing bodies just to operate a small business. In the days of cold war, global trade was very expensive and biased. It is due to this that the global economy was growing at a very slow rate (Blomsrom & Hettne, 1984). The prices of exporting and importing products were high enough to hinder an ordinary merchant to conduct the business. This left militaries and governments as the only bodies with a comfortable run in the global market. It is during this period that many counties failed to grow economically and remained in bad economic positions up to today. However, with globalisation the economic trend of these third world countries is changing significantly. With economic and trading freedom, third world countries are striving to get an economic advantage in the global economy. Is this trend purely caused by globalisation? This paper will focus on the impacts that globalisation has brought to the third world countries. It will also look at the future of the third world countries under globalisation, and if globalisation will lead to the end of the third world. It was predicted that there would be a rapid development in Asia, Africa and Latin America. The growth would be enough to bridge the gap between the developing and developed states. According to Chew & Denemark (1996) the gap will be reduced until to the level that it would be insignificant and meaningless. This will provide a level ground of trading among all nations. These developments are said to be most beneficial to the poorest nations. In Africa, Asia and Latin America the desperation of success is growing each and every day among individuals. With the success trail made easier by globalisation, everyone in the developing nations see a future of success in them (De Beer & Swanapoel, 2000). This leads to innovation and entrepreneurship among them. If the trend of striving for success continues in the third world countries, third world countries will be no more. However, some critics argue that the development of third world countries in not due to globalisatio n but the need to get better lives. As much as the argument holds some truth, the developing global economy also has a crucial role in the success of developing countries. Globalisation has opened many opportunities for a global development. However, these opportunities are not evenly distributed because some states are being incorporated in the global economy more rapidly than the others (Burnell, 2008). This is mainly caused by the difference in governance of financial positions of the nations. With proper policies third countries have a probability of having the greater piece of the cake in the global economy. For instance, in the 1970s and 1980s Africa and Latin America implemented economic policies which focussed more on internal financial development. What followed was

Tuesday, November 19, 2019

Research paper argumenttative Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Argumenttative - Research Paper Example Euthanasia is unacceptable from Christian point of view since it violates the principles of Christianity through contradicting the will of God, violation of society’s recognition of the sanctity of life, contradicting Christian idea that suffering has value, and paving path for involuntary killing of people who are no longer desired to be a part of the community. Besides, attempt will be made to disprove several major anti-euthanasia arguments from the perspective of Christian anthropology. Historically, debates on ethical relevance of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide go back to ancient Greece and ancient Rome. There euthanasia was a regular practice. According to credible historical sources, lots of Romans and Greeks opted for â€Å"voluntary death over endless agony†, so that â€Å"this form of euthanasia was an everyday reality†¦and many physicians actually gave their patients the poison for which they were asked† (Manning 6). The voluntary essence of dying was emphasized, so that euthanasia was totally justified as a way to bring end to suffering from an incurable illness. Only with the advent of Hippocratic school was euthanasia ultimately rejected in medicine (Fernandez 2). With the spread of Christianity in Europe, the philosophical ban on euthanasia practice initiated by Hippocrates and his followers was supported as the one that corresponded to the Revelation. The new religion taught that every person possessed invaluable worth since he/she was created in God’s image and likeness. Given this, the majority of European doctors had refused from euthanasia by the turn of the 15th century. This was the case until the Nazi coming to power in 1930s with their programs of involuntary euthanasia massively run during the Holocaust (Emanuel 793). In his â€Å"History of Euthanasia Debates in the United States and Britain†, Emanuel rightfully observes that debates about euthanasia in the States and in the UK which

Sunday, November 17, 2019

Full block international letter Essay Example for Free

Full block international letter Essay September 11, 2007 Dear Mr. John, Thanks for writing to us, enquiring about our new hair-product, â€Å"Growmore†. We appreciate your kind interest. We are aware that you are one of the top super-stockiest of hair-oil products in your State, California; you have the network to supply the products to about 3000 boutiques all over the State. We have received hundreds of enquiries from your State, in response to our mail-order communication, but you are the one selected by the Company for further negotiations for a sales contract. Yes, it is possible with you. Though we do not have any business dealings so far, our Managing Director Mr.Wills Parker is personally aware of the reputation of your Company. We believe, you have gone through the product catalogue. Being in this line, you must have come across some interesting new features about this oil. This product is catching up fast with the women clients; it is already the number one product of our company within a short span of two years. Extensive promotion of this product is being done this year in the European and USA markets. Now that we are on the threshold of a working deal, I need to share some additional information with you, not mentioned in the catalogue. A research team of five, all of them holding Doctorates in herbal medicines, was given the responsibility of developing this unique product, three years ago. Along with application of the oil, guidelines about figure, diets and nutrition, exercising, staying young and healthy and beauty problems of every kind have been given. The truth about this hair oil is that mere applications will not do; hair-growth can not be bought in a jar it is necessary to tell the truth to a client, to win the long-term trust—one has to change the living style. The results are guaranteed. Only a healthy individual will have the healthy growth of hair. Every woman, irrespective of the age, would like to remain poised and sophisticated, with a stunning hair-growth. Hair is the permanent and most versatile accessory of a woman. It is a vital part of her personality and looks. To a cosmopolitan woman, it is a medium of art and self-expression. We only wish to assure them that it is possible to fulfill their aspirations. This is the genuine assurance of our product. This product cures the existing problems and prevents the impending ones that contribute to then loss of hair. I am writing this letter in some length, because we are aware that you are the stockiest of hair oil and other products for many companies. We demand your very best attention to promote our product at the initial stage. We say, at the initial stage, because we know, the intelligent and satisfied customers will then take over the sales campaign for the benefit of both of us. Chemically prepared and preserved cosmetics have done enough damage to the hair of women. Now the herbs, fruits and vegetables have taken over. The facts mentioned in hundreds of ancient texts on herbal oils have been researched over, and this product is the result of it. The first dispatch of 2000 jars is under way. As discussed over the phone, our Chief Sales Manager (International), Mr. K. L. Baptist will call on you, with an appointment, within the next ten days. We look forward for a happy and long association with you. Yours truly, Mark Patterson. Deputy General Manager.

Thursday, November 14, 2019

A Comparison of Hamlet and One Flew Over the Cuckoos Nest :: comparison compare contrast essays

A Comparison of Hamlet and One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest A Comparison of the Character Hamlet, of Shakespeare's Hamlet, and McMurphy of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest It is suggested that in modern literature, the true element of tragedy is not captured because the protagonist is often of the same social status as the audience, and therefor, his downfall is not tragic. This opinion, I find, takes little consideration of the times in which we live. Indeed, most modern plays and literature are not about monarchs and the main character is often equal to the common person; this, however, does not mean the plot is any less miserable nor the outcome any less wretched. The first work I have chosen proves this fact. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, a first novel by Ken Kesey published in 1962, is a contemporary tragedy describing the downfall of a rigidly administered ward in a mental institution led by the rebellion of a new admission. The work I have chosen to compare this novel to is the classic play by William Shakespeare, Hamlet. There is an intimate relationship between these to works beyond that they are both tragedies; the protagonist in each lacks conventional hero qualities. Both Hamlet and R.P. McMurphy in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, can be defined as anti-heroes making these two pieces comparable for study. To examine the aspect of anti-heroes in tragedy, and how this relates to the characters of R.P.McMurphy and Hamlet, an analysis of the motivation of each is necessary. Motivation is the source of all action, and only in this area these two characters similar to a traditional protagonist. As the character himself evolves through the course of the plot, so do their motives. Hamlet and McMurphy begin at different points with different purposes, but soon meet with a common incentive. For Hamlet, this initial impulse is derived from his embitterment towards his mother for remarrying so soon after his father's death and for selecting her late husband's brother Claudius, as her second partner. In a witty statement to his closest friend Horatio, he expresses his indignation; "The funeral baked meats/ Did coldly furnish forth the marriage tables." Entirely unrelated, is McMurphy's need to be "top man".

Tuesday, November 12, 2019

Environmental Impacts Essay

There is a large gap between developed and developing countries in terms of the attention given to environmental concerns. As a general rule, developing nations place the environment low on their list of priorities. Managing the ecosystem takes a back seat to economic advancement and industrialization, which are seen as more pressing needs. On the other hand, developed nations generally take a more proactive role in environment management because they have the budget and the technology to do so. They have also recognized that further economic development can no longer do without sustainable environmental practices (Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, 2001). Stemming from this basic difference of priorities is the great disparity between the environment’s impacts on the health of people living in the First World and those living in the Third World. However, it is simplistic to assume that the former are invariably healthier than the latter. While it is true that developing nations use less environmentally-friendly practices, the sheer level of industrialization and commercialization in developed countries sometimes means that these countries produce far more pollution and thus create more health problems for their citizens. A comprehensive assessment of the interaction between human health and the natural environment is not possible given the length of this paper. Nevertheless, this essay will explore some differences between First and Third World nations with regards to two selected major public health issues, namely, air pollution and water pollution. Air Pollution Palo and Solberg (1999) have identified carbon dioxide as the most abundant greenhouse gas produced today, and they cite it as the most critical contributor to global warming, a phenomenon that poses a grave threat to human health and security. Confalioneri et al. (2007) detailed the exact nature of this threat in the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Fourth Assessment Report. Global warming first affects humanity by changing weather patterns. Extreme temperature swings, irregular precipitation, rising sea levels, more powerful storms, droughts and heatwaves have all become more common as a direct result of global warming. These phenomena in turn negatively affect the quality and quantity of food, water and air available to human populations. These phenomena inflict a great amount of damage on human settlements and infrastructure as well. The worldwide spikes in malnutrition, infectious diseases, and deaths from extreme weather events are all directly proportional to the increase of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. The IPCC also warned that developing societies were at the greatest risk to these environmental pressures. Among these developing nations, Douglas et al. (2001) cited coral reef atolls and reef islands as the most prone because their rates of land loss are dramatically impacted on by incremental rises in sea level. They cited the rapidly disappearing land of the Maldives, the Marshall Islands, and some low-lying Japanese islands as some of the most alarming manifestations of global warming. They added that rise in sea levels has led not only to escalating land loss, but also to the contamination of underground water sources in nations such as Israel, Thailand and island states in the Pacific and the Caribbean. The combined loss of arable land and potable water caused by global warming does not only lead to malnutrition and disease but also to social pressures such as overcrowding in cities, which increase the strain on the human population’s health. In addition, developing countries lack the infrastructure to protect their populations from the increasingly negative repercussions of climate change. In nations such as India, Bangladesh and Burma, relief efforts for victims of increasingly destructive storms are routinely slowed down by the insufficient facilities, resources and personnel. However, it should be noted that developed countries are not immune to these calamities. The unprecedented destruction wrought by Hurricane Katrina on a major U. S. city serves as a grim reminder of the vulnerability of First World nations to extreme weather events. Cooper and Block (2007) are only two of many Americans who have accused the United States’ Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) of being prepared for natural disasters â€Å"on paper,† only to be caught flat-footed when Hurricane Katrina struck the city of New Orleans on August 29, 2005. Cooper and Block also blame FEMA’s ineptitude for the unsanitary living conditions thousands of survivors had to endure for several weeks after the disaster. To this day, New Orleans has not fully recovered from the hurricane. Carbon dioxide emissions are not the only major source of air pollution. Other chemicals such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) also pose significant health problems. As Tang (2004) has underlined, these primary pollutants are doubly hazardous because they can react photochemically to create secondary pollutants, and these secondary pollutants can also undergo further chemical reactions which result in even deadlier substances. This type of air pollution is one of the most critical problems in China today, especially in the capital of Beijing. As one of the most rapidly developing countries in the world, China has seen an enormous surge in demand for fossil fuels to feed its factories and the motorized transport of its citizens. In addition, China has much lower emissions standards for its automobiles compared to other countries, leading to more pollution produced per vehicle. Tang cited Song et al. (2003), who noted the sharp increase in respiratory diseases among Chinese living in urban areas, as well as many residents’ complaints about the chronic lack of visibility in Beijing. Once again, these health problems are not limited to developing countries. In fact, this type of air pollution is acutely felt in megacities such as Los Angeles and London, where air quality is severely compromised by the millions of automobiles and the factories located in and around the city limits. However, developed countries are taking definite steps to decrease the pollution, with one notable exception. As Al Gore observed in the documentary An Inconvenient Truth (2006), the United States lags far behind its European counterparts when it comes to enforcing more environmentally friendly emissions standards for its automobiles. The discrepancy has reached the point where some American vehicles can no longer be sold in European countries because they no longer meet government environment safety standards.

Sunday, November 10, 2019

Diabetes Presentation Essay

Learning Team A was tasked to create a 15-20 slide presentation of a major health issue  prevalent in the United States. The group  chose the disease diabetes.   Diabetes is a disease that affects how your body  uses blood glucose. The glucose in your body is  important because it is an important source of  energy for the cells that make up our muscles and  tissues. It is the main source of fuel for our brain. Mellitus- Also known as Type 1 Diabetes, TD1; formerly insulin dependent diabetes or juvenile  diabetes.  Is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from the autoimmune destruction of the insulin-producing  beta cells in the pancreas. The subsequent lack of  insulin leads to increased blood and urine glucose. Polyuria (Frequent Urination) Polydipsia (Increased Thirst) Fatigue Weight Loss Blurred Vision Smell of acetone on the breath Abdominal Pain Nausea Diabetes Mellitus- Also known as  Type 2;formerly noninsulin-dependent diabetes  mellitus (NIDDM),or adult-onset diabetes. Diabetes Mellitus-Is a metabolic disorder that is  characterized by high blood sugar disorder where it  is insulin resistance and relative to the lack of  insulin. Polyuria (Frequent Urination) Vaginal Infections Fatigue Blurred Vision Weight Loss Itchiness Peripheral Neuropathy Glycosuria Gestational  diabetes starts when your body is not  able to make and use all the insulin it needs for  pregnancy. Without enough insulin, glucose cannot  leave the blood and be changed  to energy. Glucose builds up in the blood to high  levels. This is called hyperglycemia. Gestational  diabetes affects the mother in late  pregnancy, after the baby’s body has been formed,  but while the baby is busy growing. untreated or  poorly controlled gestational diabetes can hurt your  baby. When you have gestational diabetes, your  pancreas works overtime to produce insulin, but the  insulin does not lower your blood glucose levels. levels. Although  insulin does not cross the placenta,  glucose and other nutrients do. So extra blood  glucose goes through the placenta, giving the baby  high blood glucose levels. This causes the  baby’s pancreas to make extra insulin to get rid of  the blood glucose. Since the baby is getting more  energy than it needs to grow and develop, the extra  energy is stored as fat. This  can lead to macrosomia, or a â€Å"fat†Ã‚  baby. Babies with macrosomia face health problems  of their own, including damage to their shoulders  during birth. Because of the extra insulin made by  the baby’s pancreas, newborns may have very low  blood glucose levels at birth and are also at higher  risk for breathing problems. Babies with excess  insulin become children who are at risk  for obesity and adults who are at risk for type 2  diabetes. Gestational diabetes  doesn’t cause  noticeable signs or symptoms. Rarely,  gestational diabetes may cause  excessive thirst or increased urination. According to the National Diabetes Education Program these are the risk factors for diabetes: 45 years old or older. Overweight – BMI > 23 for Asian American, 26 for Pacific Islander, or 25 for anyone else.  Have a parent, brother, or sister with the disease. Family background is African American, Hispanic/Latino, American Indian, Asian American, or Pacific Islander. I have had diabetes while pregnant (gestational  diabetes) or gave birth to a baby weighing 9 pounds  or more. Have  been told that blood glucose (blood sugar)  levels are higher than normal. Have high blood pressure. Cholesterol levels are not normal – HDL (â€Å"good†)  cholesterol levels less than 35 or triglyceride level  higher than 250. Fairly inactive, physically active less than 3 times a  week. Have polycystic ovary syndrome (a set of symptoms  related to a hormonal imbalance that occurs in  females of reproductive age). The  skin around the neck or in armpits appears dirty  no matter how much it is scrubbed. The skin  appears dark, thick, and velvety. This is called  acanthosis nigricans. Have been told that have blood vessel problems  affecting the heart, brain, or legs. Set  a weight loss goal – The key to preventing  diabetes is to lose weight by eating healthy foods  that are lower in fat and calories and being  physically active. Set a goal that you can achieve,  they recommend 5 to 10 percent of your current  weight. Make healthy food choices – There are many weight  loss plans to choose from, but the DPP (Diabetes  Prevention Plan) showed that you can prevent or  delay the onset of diabetes by losing weight through  a low-fat, reduced calorie eating plan. Move  more – Try to get at least 30 minutes of  moderate-intensity physical activity five days a  week. If you have not been active, start off slowly,  building up to your goal. Any physical activity that  gets your heart rate up will do; walking, dancing,  swimming, biking, etc. You don’t have to do all 30  minutes at once, doing 10 minute sessions  throughout the day is fine. Diabetes is a endocrine systems disorder but affects all systems of the body: Eyes- Diabetes can damage the blood vessels in your eyes. This damage can lead to glaucoma, cataracts, structural changes to your retina, even blindness. When blood vessels are damaged, nerve signals can’t reach your eyes. In addition, having diabetes can lead to a buildup of pressure from fluid, which can compress nerves and other structures in your eye. Having a high level of blood sugar makes your kidneys work harder to filter your blood, and they can become overworked. This can lead to chronic kidney disease and complete failure. Having diabetes can also cause damage to your liver and cause a condition called nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. This means your liver is having difficulty processing fats. You may develop scar tissue on your liver and a condition called cirrhosis. Too much glucose circulating in the blood can damage any of the nerves in your body. This can lead to numbness, tingling and pain, especially in the legs and feet. If you develop cuts or sores you may not feel them, and they may heal very slowly. You may lose sensation in these areas, and if the damage is severe enough, amputations may be necessary. In  conclusion, diabetes can be potentially deadly  disease, effecting the whole body if left untreated. It  can however be easily managed through diet and  exercise, perhaps even avoided entirely by  practicing healthy eating habits and maintaining  regular exercise throughout life.

Thursday, November 7, 2019

Cold Mountain Essays - Literature, Fiction, Cold Mountain, Films

Cold Mountain Essays - Literature, Fiction, Cold Mountain, Films Cold Mountain The setting for Cold Mountain is in the state of North Carolina during the Civil War time period. Most of the key events happen in Cold Mountain. Inman tries to go back to Cold Mountain because Ada's home is near Cold Mountain. When he reaches Cold Mountain he can go to Ada's home. The plot of Cold Mountain is to reunite Inman and Ada. Inman deserts the Confederate army a few years after the start of the war, and he tries to go back to Cold Mountain where he can find Ada's home. On his way to Cold Mountain Inman faces many challenges. Some of the challenges he faces are: 1. He has to hide from the home guard so they can't capture him and take him back 2. He has to hide from federal raiders so he won't get killed on his way back 3. He has to find food and shelter everyday The challenges stated above are just some of the challenges he faces, he faces many more challenges that I have not mentioned above. Also on the way to Cold Mountain Inman meets many different people. Some of these people help Inman and others just endanger his life. Ada Visible moisture- light haze, dense valley fogs, tatters of cloud hanging like rags on the shoulders of Cold Mountain (pg35). The third major difference is found the way they feel about small town life. Ada comes form city life. She lived in Charleston before moving to the country there for she had a view of the country that was not in the positive side (pg53). In the other hand Inman sees the country as his home. A place were every body is kind and peaceful. He is deeply attach to his small town life. But not everything where differences between the characters of Ada and Inman. There were also some similarities between them. The first similarity is found in their believe of the supernatural. Their characters both see superstition as a last resort for hope. Ada sees a man coming to town in a reflection in a well (pg49), this image she believe is the image of the person thats going to solve her problems. Inmans supernatural believe is the hope that Cold Mountain is a magical place were he can be reborn (pg23). They also agree in the thought that they need some one to help them continue their life. they need companion ship and some to express their feelings and believe to. One of the major points of the novel is the believe that nature is a the perfect shelter to protect them self from harm (pg66). In Adas case from the harm of public opinion, and in Inmans case from the

Tuesday, November 5, 2019

The Role of the Yellow River in Chinese History

The Role of the Yellow River in Chinese History Many of the worlds great civilizations have grown up around mighty rivers- Egypt on the Nile, the Mound-builder civilization on the Mississippi, the Indus Valley Civilization on the Indus River. China has had the good fortune to have two great rivers: the Yangtze and the Yellow River (or Huang He). The Yellow River is also known as the cradle of Chinese civilization or the Mother River. Usually a source of rich fertile soil and irrigation water, the Yellow River has transformed itself more than 1,500 times in recorded history into a raging torrent that has swept away entire villages. As a result, the river has several less-positive nicknames as well, such as Chinas Sorrow and the Scourge of the Han People. Over the centuries, the Chinese people have used it not only for agriculture but also as a transportation route and even as a weapon. The Yellow River springs up in the Bayan Har Mountain Range of west-central Chinas Qinghai Province and makes its way through nine provinces before it pours its silt out into the Yellow Sea off the coast of Shandong Province. It is the worlds sixth-longest river, with a length of about 3,395 miles. The river runs across central Chinas loess plains, picking up an immense load of silt, which colors the water and gives the river its name. The Yellow River in Ancient China The recorded history of Chinese civilization begins on the banks of the Yellow River with the Xia Dynasty, which lasted from 2100 to 1600 BCE. According to Sima Qians Records of the Grand Historian and the Classic of Rites, a number of different tribes originally united into the Xia Kingdom in order to combat devastating floods on the river. When a series of breakwaters failed to stop the flooding, the Xia instead dug a series of canals to channel excess water out into the countryside and then down to the sea. Unified behind strong leaders and able to produce bountiful harvests since Yellow River floods no longer destroyed their crops so often, the Xia Kingdom ruled central China for several centuries. The Shang Dynasty succeeded the Xia around 1600 BCE and also centered itself on the Yellow River valley. Fed by the riches of the fertile river-bottom land, the Shang developed an elaborate culture featuring powerful emperors, divination using oracle bones,  and artwork including beautiful jade carvings. During Chinas Spring and Autumn Period (771 to 478 BCE), the great philosopher Confucius was born in the village of Tsou on the Yellow River in Shandong. He was almost as powerful an influence on Chinese culture as the river itself. In 221 BCE, Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi conquered the other warring states and established the unified Qin Dynasty. The Qin kings relied on the Cheng-Kuo Canal, finished in 246 BCE, to provide irrigation water and increased crop yields, leading to a growing population and the manpower to defeat rival kingdoms. However, the Yellow Rivers silt-laden water quickly clogged the canal. After Qin Shi Huangdis death in 210 BCE, the Cheng-Kuo silted up entirely and became useless. The Yellow River in the Medieval Period In 923 CE, China was embroiled in the chaotic Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms Period. Among those kingdoms were the Later Liang and the Later Tang dynasties. As Tang armies approached the Liang capital, a general named Tuan Ning decided to breach the Yellow River dikes and flood 1,000 square miles of the Liang Kingdom in a desperate effort to stave off the Tang. Tuans gambit did not succeed; despite the raging floodwaters, the Tang conquered the Liang. Over the following centuries, the Yellow River silted up and changed its course several times, breaking its banks and drowning surrounding farms and villages. Major re-routings took place in 1034 when the river split into three parts. The river jumped south again in 1344 during the waning days of the Yuan Dynasty. In 1642, another attempt to use the river against an enemy backfired badly. Kaifeng city had been under siege by Li Zichengs peasant rebel army for six months. The citys governor decided to break the dikes in hopes of washing away the besieging army. Instead, the river engulfed the city, killing almost 300,000 of Kaifengs 378,000 citizens and leaving the survivors vulnerable to famine and disease. The city was abandoned for years following this devastating mistake. The Ming Dynasty fell to Manchu invaders, who founded the Qing Dynasty just two years later. The Yellow River in Modern China A northward course-change in the river in the early 1850s helped fuel the Taiping Rebellion, one of Chinas deadliest peasant revolts. As populations grew ever larger along the treacherous rivers banks, so too did the death tolls from flooding. In 1887, a major Yellow River flood killed an estimated 900,000 to 2 million people, making it the third-worst natural disaster in history. This disaster helped convince the Chinese people that the Qing Dynasty had lost the Mandate of Heaven. After the Qing fell in 1911, China plunged into chaos with the Chinese Civil War and the Second Sino-Japanese War, after which the Yellow River struck again, this time even harder. The 1931 Yellow River flood killed between 3.7 million and 4 million people, making it the deadliest flood in all of human history. In the aftermath, with war raging and the crops destroyed, survivors reportedly sold their children into prostitution and even resorted to cannibalism to survive. Memories of this catastrophe would later inspire Mao Zedongs government to invest in massive flood-control projects, including the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River. Another flood in 1943 washed away the crops in Henan Province, leaving 3 million people to starve to death. When the Chinese Communist Party took power in 1949, it began building new dikes and levees to hold back the Yellow and Yangtze Rivers. Since that time, floods along the Yellow River have still posed a threat, but they no longer kill millions of villagers or bring down governments. The Yellow River is the surging heart of Chinese civilization. Its waters and the rich soil it carries bring the agricultural abundance needed to support Chinas enormous population. However, this Mother River has always had a dark side to it as well. When the rains are heavy or silt blocks up the river channel, she has the power to jump her banks and spread death and destruction across central China.